Latin Place Names

by country

Africa

Asia

Europe

Balkans
Britain
Continental and Ireland
Iberia
Italy and Malta

by type

Cities

Countries

Islands

Lakes

Mountains

Regions

Rivers

This list includes Asian countries and regions that were part of the Roman Empire, or that were given Latin place names in historical references.

Contents

1 Background
2 Caveats and notes
3 Cities and towns in Anatolia (Turkey)
4 Cities and towns in Afghanistan
5 Cities and towns in Cyprus
6 Cities and towns in Georgia
7 Cities and towns in Iran
8 Cities and towns in Iraq
9 Cities and towns in Israel
10 Cities and towns in Lebanon
11 Cities and towns in Pakistan
12 Cities and towns in the Palestinian territories
13 Cities and towns in Russia
14 Cities and towns in Syria
15 Cities and towns in Tajikistan
16 Cities and towns in Turkmenistan
17 Cities and towns in Uzbekistan
18 See also
19 References
20 External links

Background[edit]
Until the Modern Era, Latin was the common language for scholarship and mapmaking. During the 19th and 20th centuries, German scholars in particular have made significant contributions to the study of historical place names, or Ortsnamenkunde. These studies have, in turn, contributed to the study of genealogy. For genealogists and historians of pre-Modern Europe, knowing alternate names of places is vital to extracting information from both public and private records. Even specialists in this field point out, however, that the information can be easily taken out of context, since there is a great deal of repetition of place names throughout Europe; reliance purely on apparent connections should therefore be tempered with valid historical methodology.
Caveats and notes[edit]
Latin place names are not always exclusive to one place — for example, there were several Roman cities whose names began with Colonia and then a more descriptive term. During the Middle Ages, these were often shortened to just Colonia. One of these, Colonia Agrippinensis, retains the name today in the form of Cologne.
Early sources for Roman names show numerous variants and spellings of the Latin names.
The modern canonical name is listed first. Sources are listed chronologically. In general, only the earliest source is shown for each name, although many of the names are recorded in more than one of the sources. Where the source differs in spelling, or has other alternatives, these are listed following the source. As an aid to searching, variants

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